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iptables rules for NAT with FTP active / passive connections

8 января 2016, 9:16
If you have an FTP server running behind a server that acts as the gateway or firewall, here are the rules to enable full NAT for active and passive connections.

# general rules for forwarding traffic between external interface tap0 and internal interface eth0
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o tap0 -j MASQUERADE
iptables -A FORWARD -i tap0 -o eth0 -m state —state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
iptables -A FORWARD -i eth0 -o tap0 -j ACCEPT

# NAT for active/passive FTP. 192.168.178.21 would be your internal ftp server
iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp  —dport 20 -j DNAT —to 192.168.178.21:20
iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp  —dport 21 -j DNAT —to 192.168.178.21:21
iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp  —dport 1024:65535 -j DNAT —to 192.168.178.21:1024-65535
iptables -A FORWARD -s 192.168.178.21 -p tcp —sport 20 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A FORWARD -s 192.168.178.21 -p tcp —sport 21 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A FORWARD -s 192.168.178.21 -p tcp —sport 1024:65535 -j ACCEPT

# allowing active/passive FTP
iptables -A OUTPUT -p tcp —sport 21 -m state —state ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
iptables -A OUTPUT -p tcp —sport 20 -m state —state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
iptables -A OUTPUT -p tcp —sport 1024: —dport 1024: -m state —state ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp —dport 21 -m state —state NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp —dport 20 -m state —state ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp —sport 1024: —dport 1024: -m state —state ESTABLISHED,RELATED,NEW -j ACCEPT

You must also have IPv4 forwarding enabled, check by

# should return 1
cat /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

# otherwise
sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_forward=1
and edit /etc/sysctl.conf like so “net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1″

You also need to have ip_nat_ftp and ip_conntrack_ftp modules loaded. Check for them

lsmod | grep ip_nat_ftp
lsmod | grep ip_conntrack_ftp
# if no result then load them until next reboot, google for making it permanent depending on your OS
modprobe ip_nat_ftp
modprobe ip_conntrack_ftp

add to /etc/sysconfig/iptables-config
IPTABLES_MODULES=″ip_nat_ftp ip_conntrack_ftp″
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